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Bentham's utilitarianism essay
the wrong answer to various moral questions. In such cases, people may act in the manner that looks like the approach supported by act utilitarians. Utilitarianism is a version of consequentialism, which states that the consequences of any action are the only standard of right and wrong. Mill and Utilitarian Moral Theory. The project was launched in September 2010 and is making freely available, via a specially designed transcription interface, digital images of UCL's vast Bentham Papers collection which runs to some 60,000 manuscript folios to engage the public and recruit volunteers to help transcribe the material. People sometimes have irrational preferences. Theories of Evidence: Bentham and Wigmore. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, articles were published both for and against the new form of utilitarianism, and through this debate the theory we now call rule utilitarianism was created.
Utility ignores justice edit As Rosen 22 has pointed out, claiming that act utilitarians are not concerned about having rules is to set up a "straw man". More successful was his cooperation with Patrick Colquhoun in tackling the corruption in the Pool of London. They are desired and desirable in and for themselves; besides being means, they are a part of the end. Different varieties of consequentialism also existed in the ancient and medieval world, like the state consequentialism of Mohism or the political philosophy of Niccol Machiavelli. Das Kapital Volume 1, Chapter 24, endnote 50 "Archived copy". He argues that whilst people might start desiring virtue as a means to happiness, eventually, it becomes part of someone's happiness and is then desired as an end in itself. This contains fourteen articles, including essays defending utilitarianism. Thus, an action that results in the greatest pleasure for the utility of society is the best action, or as Jeremy Bentham, the founder of early Utilitarianism put it, as the greatest happiness of the greatest number. After a brief overall explanation of utilitarianism, the article explains both act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism, the main differences between them, and some of the key arguments for and against each view. The accusation that hedonism is "doctrine worthy only of swine" has a long history. Act utilitarians may reply that all this shows is that the views supported by act utilitarianism conflict with common sense morality.